Benito mussolini's father, alessandro mussolini, was a blacksmith and a socialist, while his mother, rosa (née maltoni), was a devout catholic schoolteacher owing to his father's political leanings, mussolini was named benito after mexican leftist president benito juárez , while his middle names andrea and amilcare were from italian. In october 1922, mussolini led the fascists on a march on rome, and king emmanuel iii, who had little faith in italy's parliamentary government, asked mussolini to form a new government. Roman fasces and mussolini 1924 ad essay - benito amilcare andrea mussolini, also called il duce, which means the leader, was born on july 29th 1883 and was killed on april 28th 1945 he was the prime minister and dictator of italy from 1922 until 1943, when he was overthrown.
At first the new government did well enough, but in 1924 a socialist member of parliament and most outspoken critic of the regime, giacomo matteotti, died at the hands of fascist thugs with at least the tacit approval of mussolini. The anatomy of fascism is the work of a distinguished scholar who has sifted through the primary sources, the tomes and the trends in an effort to synthesize and even settle prior debates his main emphasis is on mussolini's italy and hitler's germany, but in order to demonstrate why certain fascist movements were able to seize power while most. Mussolini's roman revival our presentation will explore the relationship between benito mussolini's fascist regime and ancient rome in order to foster sympathy for his regime, mussolini sought inspiration from ancient rome as a means for italy to regain the glory once achieved by its ancestors. Mussolini turned this failure into a success at home, like with most things he made fiume italian by pressuring the new yugoslavia in 1924 he signed both kellog-briand 1928 and locarno pacts 1925.
Despite mussolini becoming prime minister in 1922 it wasn't until 1924 mussolini's power really took effect when appointed prime minister, mussolini led a coalition government in which fascist mp's were a small minority. Benito amilcare andrea mussolini, also called il duce, which means the leader, was born on july 29th 1883 and was killed on april 28th 1945 he was the prime minister and dictator of italy from 1922 until 1943, when he was overthrown he was appointed prime minister by then king of italy,victor. Brief look at benito mussolini , free study guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.
In this essay i will not discuss mussolini's rise to power, but rather the influences that the fascist government, and mussolini in particular took from the ancient roman empire. The fasces—a bundle of sticks with an axe—was affixed to public buildings, fountains, manhole covers, even doorstops during mussolini's dictatorship. There is an essay on the doctrine of fascism credited to benito mussolini but ghost written by giovanni gentile that appeared in the 1932 edition of the enciclopedia italiana, and excerpts can be read at doctrine of fascism there are also links to the complete text. Essay on comparison of mussolini and hitler 4381 words | 18 pages comparison of mussolini and hitler fascism was a totalitarian political movement that developed after 1919 as a reaction against the political and social changes brought about by world war 1 and the spread of socialism and communism. At the dawn of the roman republic c 509 bce, when the etruscan kings were vanquished, attention to the fasces and their symbolic power was regarded by roman historians as having been clearly articulated in the formation of what was called the valerian law.
Benito mussolini benito amilcare andrea mussolini was born on july 29, 1883 in predappio, italy his father was a blacksmith which meant mussolini lived in the poor areas of italy. The fasces typically appeared in a context reminiscent of the roman republic and/or of the roman empire the french revolution has used many references to the ancient roman republic in its imagery during the first republic, topped by the phrygian cap, the fasces is a tribute to the roman republic and means that power belongs to the people. Italian fascism has emulated ancient rome and mussolini in particular emulated ancient roman leaders, such as julius caesar as a model for the fascists' rise to power and augustus as a model for empire-building.
Fasces on us coin today i got as change an old liberty head us dime, dated 1924 on the reverse is the fasces, the ancient symbol of authority in the roman republic. This is the roman eagle, idealized with all the roman army simbols (the laurel, the lightings, etc) find this pin and more on things by robert salyer the most ancient continuous political symbol in all of history still found on every public structure in rome, as it has been for nearly years. Fasces, a plurale tantum, from the latin word fascis, symbolizes summary power and jurisdiction, and/or strength through unity the traditional roman fasces consisted of a bundle of white birch rods, tied together with a red leather ribbon into a cylinder, and often including a bronze axe (or sometimes two) amongst the rods, with the blade(s) on the side, projecting from the bundle.